Canada Day Answers 

The Answers

History answers

1. Jacques Cartier, who claimed the region for France.

2. Kanata is the Huron-Iroquois word for village.

3. Simon Fraser.

4. Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.

5. Craigellachie, at the western entrance to Eagle Pass, near Revelstoke, B.C.

6. Riel was hanged for treason.

7. The Klondike Gold Rush.

8. Signal Hill, Newfoundland.

9. In 1910, 62 railway workers were buried in Rogers Pass by a sudden avalanche which created snowbanks of 21 feet on either side of the tracks. As a result a tunnel was built through the pass for increased safety.

10. He wrote the poem In Flanders Fields.

11. The Halifax Explosion. Two ships collided in the Halifax Harbour. One ship was full of explosives and ammunition. The disaster levelled a section of the city, killing thousands in its path.

12. The British Privy Council overturned the Supreme Court decision the following year.

13. Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Kingston in 1938.

14. Canada entered World War II in 1939, remaining neutral for one week after the British declaration of war. Mackenzie King was Prime Minister at the time.

15. Newfoundland and Labrador was the last to join in 1949. Premier Joey Smallwood, who held office for almost 25 years, was key to bringing the province into Confederation.

16. The Alouette 1 was launched in 1962, bringing Canada into the space age.

17. French President Charles De Gaulle said this, effectively galvanizing the Quebec separatists.

18. He evoked the War Measures Act, banning the FLQ and arresting roughly 500 people.

19. The Maple Leaf Forever.

20. École Polytechneque – the engineering school at the University of Montreal.

Politics answers

21. Yukon has one elected representative in each of the House of Commons and the Senate.

22. Prime Minister Paul Martin was first elected federally in 1988 in the Montreal riding of LaSalle-Émiard. His father, Paul Martin senior, served in Liberal cabinets under Prime Ministers William Lyon Mackenzie King, Louis St. Laurent, Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau.

23. The Canadian Parliament includes Queen Elizabeth as head of state, the Senate and the House of Commons.

24. Sir Charles and Lady Frances Tupper were married for 66 years and had three boys and three girls. Lady Tupper died in 1912 and Sir Charles, who was lauded as one of the fathers of confederation and a close friend of Canada’s first Prime Minister John A. Macdonald, died three years later in England, but was buried in Halifax.


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