The Canada Day Quiz 

In honour of Canada’s 137th birthday, here are 137 questions relating to The True North Strong and Free.

History

1. Long after Leif Erikson landed in North American, another explorer, a European, befriended the native peoples and charted the St. Lawrence River. What was the name of this explorer and for which country did he claim the region?

2. Canada’s name is derived from the word "Kanata." What does that word mean?

3. Who was looking for a navigable water route to the Pacific when he decided to go west of the Rockies in 1885?

4. Canada was created with the British North America Act in 1867. Which were the first four provinces in the BNA Act?

5. The Last Spike of the Canadian Pacific Railroad was driven into the ground on a rainy November afternoon in 1885, marking the realization of a dream that had been promised to British Columbia in 1871 – Canada was now linked from sea to sea. Where was the Last Spike driven into the ground?

6. Louis Riel was the leader of the Metis people who was hanged in Regina on November, 1885. What was the charge against Riel?

7. At the end of the 1890s thousands of prospectors rushed north to the Yukon in the search of gold. What was this period in Canadian history called?

8. On Dec. 12, 1901 Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic signal from England, marking the beginning of long-distance communication. Where did Marconi receive his signal?

9. What was the deadliest avalanche in B.C.’s history?

10. In April 1915 a Canadian doctor called John McCrae was in the trenches near Ypres, Belgium. The Germans used deadly chlorine gas against the Allied troops and hundreds of soldiers died. How did McCrae commemorate the dead?

11. One of the worst accidents in Canadian history happened on Dec. 6, 1917 at the height of the First World War. On that day 1,600 were killed and another 9,000 were injured. What happened?

12. In 1928 the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the BNA Act does not define women as "persons" and they are therefore not eligible to hold public office. When were women legally declared "persons" in Canada?

13. Who was the first U.S. president to make an official visit to Canada?

14. When did Canada enter World War II and who was Prime Minister at the time?

15. What was the last province to join Confederation? Who was premier of that province when it joined Canada?

16. Canada was the third country in the world after Russia and the United States to design and build its own satellite. What was the first Canadian research satellite called and when was it launched into space.

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